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The Intership


The "internship" or"traineeship and guidance" constitutes a period of training and temporary integration of young people within the productive world, in order to facilitate their future career choices and to ensure that they have a more immediate and direct knowledge of the world of work (Art. 18, Law 196/1997).

Through the internship, the future employee will learn to operate, to learn concretely, to know better their potential and to understand what the company needs.


Types of traineeship

There are 2 different forms of internship:

  1. Apprenticeship is a vocational training course“which takes place during the period of study and is regulated in the curricula of universities and training bodies;
  2. Extra-curricular traineeships: they are aimed at the integration or reintegration into the world of work of certain subjects (unemployed, unemployed, disabled or asylum seekers) that have no connection with previous school or university periods and have no age limits. They are regulated by the individual Regions

In this section we will consider extra curricular training


How do I activate the internship?

The traineeships are activated through the conclusion of an agreement and an Individual Training Plan (ITP) of the trainee between the promoters, public and private, and the host subjects. In detail, the training plan must contain: the register of the three persons who sign the document (promoter, host and trainee), with an indication of the duration and daily and weekly hours, the allowance, insurance guarantees, the activities envisaged by reference to the areas of activity identified in the classification of the professional economic sectors. The host company and the sponsoring body shall both appoint a tutor. The tutor of the promoter must guarantee the correct conduct of the internship in the company, while the business tutor covers a real formative function, flanking the intern in his learning path.

The process continues with the signing of an internship contract signed by all three parties and formulated in accordance with the specificities of regional regulations. Once the contract has been drawn up and signed, the host company must inform the Region of the activation of the internship by means of a compulsory telematic communication on the regional portals.

Finally, it is necessary to carry out UNILAV telematic communication at least 24 hours before the start of the internship.



The number of placements that can be activated simultaneously by the host company varies in proportion to the production unit of the host entity in the following ways:

  • 1 trainee for host subjects from 0 to 5 employees;
  • 2 trainees for host subjects from 6 to 20 employees
  • 10% for host subjects with more than 20 employees


Fees and tax arrangements

For the internship or traineeship activities there is a reimbursement of expenses. Many regions have set a minimum amount of expenses to be paid monthly to each trainee. In any case, the individual region cannot set a compensation below EUR 300 gross per month.

The fee is not subject to INPS contributions and must be reflected in the pay slip.


The Employment Agency as a sponsoring body?

To be able to operate in the activation of traineeships, the promoter must be accredited to the Ministry of Labour, and/or have a regional accreditation or an authorization to activate internships in the region of reference of the company.

The promoter is a key figure in the activation of traineeships. He has the responsibility to sign the internship contract, which otherwise, without his signature, would be worthless. It also monitors and monitors the progress of the process.

All the normative references for this institute can be consulted here


Regulatory references to the following:

  • Law 28/06/2012, n. 92 - Art. 1
  • Law 24/06/1997, n. 196 - Art. 18
  • D.M. 25/03/1998, n. 142 - Artt. 1-9
  • D.M. 22/03/2006